Connecting WSL to Docker Toolbox on Windows 10 Home
Here’s how to run Docker on Windows 10 and connect it to the Windows Subsystem for Linux (WSL) CLI.
Install Docker Toolbox
Docker for Windows requires at least the Pro edition. Toolbox is a “legacy desktop solution” that will run Docker on Windows 10 Home. It runs the Docker host in a Linux virtual machine but comes with tools like the Docker Quickstart Terminal that are preconfigured to work with this ‘remote’ machine.
Follow the steps in the Docker documentation to install Docker Toolbox.
Install Windows Subsystem for Linux (WSL)
Follow the Microsoft documentation to install WSL. Ubuntu is the most popular choice.
Install and Configure Docker Client in WSL
Install the Docker CLI.
sudo apt install docker.io
The virtual machine running Docker is managed by the
docker-machine command. Get the URL of the remote Docker host by typing the following command. If the machine is stopped, run
Set the DOCKER_HOST to that URL given from the above command. Add it to
~/.bash_profile to start every time a console is launched.
echo "export DOCKER_HOST=<url>" >> ~/.bash_profile
Configure TLS for the Docker host.
echo "export DOCKER_TLS_VERIFY=1" >> ~/.bash_profile
ln -s /mnt/c/Users/<username>/.docker/machine/certs /home/<username>/.docker
Test it out.
docker run hello-world